How to Find Relief from Ringing in the Ears

UPDATED June 1, 2023

If you’re struggling with ringing in your ears, this article is for you.

written by

Mark Ross

If you’ve ever experienced a persistent ringing in your ears, you know just how frustrating and distracting it can be. This condition, known as tinnitus, affects millions of people around the world. While tinnitus isn’t a serious medical problem, it can certainly impact your quality of life. Fortunately, there are a number of ways to find relief from ringing in the ears. In this article, we will explore several different treatment options, including medical treatments, natural remedies, and coping strategies.

Understanding Ringing in the Ears

Ringing in the ears, also known as tinnitus, is a subjective sound that is not caused by an external source. It can be a high-pitched whine, a buzzing sound, or a low humming noise. Tinnitus can be temporary or chronic, and it can affect one or both ears. Tinnitus can be experienced at any age and can be caused by a number of different factors.

What is Tinnitus?

Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an external sound source. It can be a ringing, buzzing, or hissing sound, and it can be heard in one or both ears. Tinnitus can be temporary or chronic, and it can be caused by a variety of factors.

One of the most common causes of tinnitus is exposure to loud noise. This can include attending concerts, working in noisy environments, or using headphones at high volumes. Ear infections can also cause tinnitus, as can certain medications, such as antibiotics and chemotherapy drugs. Aging is another common cause of tinnitus, as the structures in the ear can become less flexible over time.

Common Causes of Tinnitus

While exposure to loud noise and ear infections are common causes of tinnitus, there are many other potential factors that can contribute to the condition. For example, tinnitus can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition, such as high blood pressure or a head injury. It can also be a side effect of certain medications, including aspirin and antidepressants.

Other potential causes of tinnitus include stress and anxiety, jaw problems, and thyroid disorders. In some cases, tinnitus may be a result of a blockage or abnormality in the ear canal or middle ear.

How Tinnitus Affects Daily Life

Tinnitus can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. It can make it difficult to concentrate, sleep, or relax. The constant noise can be distracting and overwhelming, and it can interfere with daily activities. Tinnitus can also lead to anxiety, depression, and social isolation, as sufferers may feel self-conscious or embarrassed about their condition.

Fortunately, there are treatments available for tinnitus. These can include sound therapy, which involves playing soothing sounds to mask the tinnitus, and cognitive behavioral therapy, which can help sufferers develop coping strategies and reduce anxiety. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to help manage the symptoms of tinnitus.

It is important for anyone experiencing tinnitus to seek medical advice, as there may be an underlying condition that needs to be addressed. With the right treatment and support, it is possible to manage tinnitus and improve quality of life.

Medical Treatments for Tinnitus

There are a number of medical treatments available for tinnitus. These treatments vary based on the underlying cause of the condition. Tinnitus is a condition where a person hears a ringing, buzzing, or other noise in their ears or head that is not caused by an external sound. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including exposure to loud noises, certain medications, and underlying health conditions.


Some medications can be effective in treating tinnitus. These may include antidepressants, anticonvulsants, or other drugs specifically designed to target tinnitus symptoms. However, it is important to note that not all medications are effective for all patients, and some may have side effects that outweigh their benefits.

It is important for patients to work closely with their healthcare provider to determine the best treatment plan for their individual needs.

Sound Therapy

Sound therapy involves listening to specific sounds or music to distract from the perception of tinnitus. This may include using a white noise machine or other sound-generating device to mask the ringing sound. Some patients may find relief by listening to calming music or nature sounds.

Sound therapy can be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as medication or counseling.

Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT)

Tinnitus retraining therapy involves using sound therapy in combination with counseling to help patients learn to manage their tinnitus symptoms. TRT may be effective for some patients, particularly those with severe or persistent tinnitus.

During TRT, patients listen to a specific sound or music that is tailored to their individual needs. They also receive counseling to help them cope with the emotional and psychological impact of tinnitus.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on helping patients change their thoughts and behaviors in order to manage their tinnitus. CBT may be effective for some patients, particularly those with anxiety or depression related to their tinnitus symptoms.

CBT can help patients develop coping strategies to manage their tinnitus, such as relaxation techniques and mindfulness exercises. It can also help patients address any negative thoughts or beliefs they may have about their condition.

Overall, there are a variety of medical treatments available for tinnitus. It is important for patients to work closely with their healthcare provider to determine the best treatment plan for their individual needs.

Natural Remedies and Lifestyle Changes

Living with tinnitus can be challenging, but there are several natural remedies and lifestyle changes that may help reduce the severity of symptoms. In addition to seeking medical treatment, incorporating the following practices into your daily routine may provide relief:

Herbal Supplements

Herbal supplements, such as ginkgo biloba or melatonin, have been shown to be effective in reducing tinnitus symptoms in some people. Ginkgo biloba is believed to improve blood flow to the ears, while melatonin may help regulate sleep patterns. However, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider before taking any new supplement or medication, as some supplements may interact with other medications or have adverse side effects.

Diet and Nutrition

Eating a healthy, balanced diet may also be beneficial in reducing tinnitus symptoms. Foods rich in antioxidants, such as fruits and vegetables, can help protect the delicate hair cells in the inner ear from damage. Additionally, avoiding caffeine and alcohol may help reduce the severity of symptoms, as these substances can exacerbate tinnitus in some people.

Exercise and Stress Management

Regular exercise and stress-reducing activities, such as yoga or meditation, may also help reduce tinnitus symptoms. Exercise increases blood flow and oxygen to the brain, which can improve overall health and reduce stress levels. Stress reduction techniques, such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation, can help calm the mind and body and reduce the perception of tinnitus.

Sleep Hygiene

Getting adequate restful sleep is crucial for overall health and wellbeing, and poor sleep habits can exacerbate tinnitus symptoms. It is important to maintain good sleep hygiene practices, such as sticking to a regular sleep schedule and avoiding caffeine before bedtime. Additionally, creating a relaxing sleep environment, such as using white noise or a fan to drown out tinnitus sounds, may also help improve sleep quality.


While there is no cure for tinnitus, incorporating natural remedies and lifestyle changes into your daily routine may help reduce the severity of symptoms and improve quality of life. It is important to work with a healthcare provider to determine the best treatment plan for your individual needs.

Coping Strategies for Tinnitus

In addition to medical treatments and lifestyle changes, there are also a number of coping strategies that may help manage tinnitus symptoms. Tinnitus is a condition that causes ringing or buzzing in the ears, and can be a source of frustration and discomfort for those who experience it. Coping strategies can help individuals with tinnitus better manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

Support Groups

Tinnitus support groups can be a valuable resource for those living with tinnitus. These groups provide an opportunity to connect with others who are experiencing similar symptoms and to share coping strategies. Support groups can also help individuals with tinnitus feel less isolated and more supported.

Support groups can take many forms, including online forums, in-person meetings, and phone support. Some support groups may be led by healthcare professionals, while others may be led by individuals with tinnitus who have developed effective coping strategies.

Mindfulness and Meditation

Practicing mindfulness or meditation techniques can help reduce the stress and anxiety associated with tinnitus symptoms. Mindfulness involves focusing on the present moment and accepting one’s thoughts and feelings without judgment. Meditation involves focusing the mind on a particular object or sound, such as the breath or a mantra.

Research has shown that mindfulness and meditation can help reduce stress and anxiety, which can in turn improve tinnitus symptoms. Mindfulness and meditation can also help individuals with tinnitus develop a greater sense of control over their thoughts and emotions, which can be empowering.

Relaxation Techniques

Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation, may help reduce the perception of tinnitus. Deep breathing involves taking slow, deep breaths and focusing on the sensation of the breath moving in and out of the body. Progressive muscle relaxation involves tensing and then relaxing different muscle groups in the body, which can help release tension and promote relaxation.

Relaxation techniques can be particularly helpful for individuals with tinnitus who experience anxiety or stress-related symptoms. By promoting relaxation, these techniques can help reduce the intensity of tinnitus symptoms and improve overall well-being.

Using Background Noise to Mask Tinnitus

Using background noise, such as a fan or white noise machine, can help mask the sound of tinnitus and make it less noticeable. Background noise can be particularly helpful at night, when tinnitus symptoms can be more pronounced and interfere with sleep.

There are many different types of background noise that can be used to mask tinnitus, including nature sounds, music, and white noise. Some individuals with tinnitus may find that certain types of background noise are more effective than others, and may need to experiment to find the best option for them.

Overall, coping strategies can be a valuable tool for individuals with tinnitus. By developing effective coping strategies, individuals with tinnitus can improve their quality of life and reduce the impact of tinnitus symptoms on their daily activities.


Tinnitus can be a frustrating and distressing condition, but there are a number of treatment options available. Whether through medical treatments, natural remedies, or coping strategies, it is possible to find relief from ringing in the ears. By working with a healthcare provider and exploring different treatment options, individuals with tinnitus can improve their quality of life and manage their symptoms effectively.

Experts behind this article

written by

Mark Ross

Dr. Mark Ross is a Principal Investigator of the RERC on Hearing Enhancement, Professor Emeritus of Audiology, University of Connecticut and has served as Vice President of the SHHH Board of Trustees.

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